Cuba Information

Introduction to Cuba

Cuba is the largest Caribbean island, between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean. It lies 145km (90 miles) south of Key West, Florida, between the Cayman Islands and the Bahamas, to the west of Haiti, east of Mexico and northwest of Jamaica.

Cuba boasts spectacular scenery and a rich cultural heritage as well as some of the world’s best beaches with miles of soft white sand, lapped by clear warm waters. Steeped in the history of Spanish colonialism and post war revolution, the grandeur of Cuba’s rich history can be experienced in the vibrant UNESCO preserved cities of Havana and Trinidad which are virtually living museums of days gone by. The island includes some of the most spectacular natural scenery in the Caribbean with mountain ranges, deep valleys, fertile plains rich in tobacco, coffee plantations and large areas of preserved natural habitats. Enjoy the holiday of a lifetime as you explore this unique island. An exotic historical country of great diversity, Cuba combines all the ingredients to ensure an unforgettable holiday (Caribbean Destinations, 2017).



Cuba has a tropical climate, with no extreme temperatures since it is cooled by the gentle breezes of the trade winds. It has two very definite seasons: the rainy season (from May to October) and the dry season (from November to April). It boasts an average of 330 sunny days a year and the average temperature is 25.5 degrees Celsius. The mean temperature of the coastal waters is 25 degrees (77 Fahrenheit) Celsius in winter and 31 degrees Celsius (88 Fahrenheit) in summer. The average relative humidity is 78%, yearly rainfall average is 1,515 mm. The driest months are August and December (Caribbean Destinations, 2017).


General Information

Government Unitary, Marxist-Leninist, One-Party State
Chief of State Rául Castro
Capital Havana
Language Spanish

Visitors to Cuba must obtain a visa before travel or a tourist card from on of the Cuban diplomatic missions, travel agencies or authorized airlines unless they come from one of the visa exempt countries. For further information click here.

Currency Cuban Peso (CUP) / Convertible Peso (CUP)
Religion Catholic / Afro Cuban
Population 11 million
Climate Hottest month: July, 30°C (86°F)
  Coldest month: January, 21°C (70°F)
Seasons Rainy: May - October
  Dry: November - April



Caribbean Destinations, 2017

InsightCuba, 2017

Wikitravel Cuba, 2017